Open banking continues forging ahead globally, and more and more consumers and businesses start noticing its powerful impact. While the open banking concept has been around since 1983, it is the Second Payment Services Directive (PSD2), introduced in 2018, that has defined it the way we know it today.
Over this relatively short timeframe, the UK has built a world-leading ecosystem with more than 3.9 million consumers and 600,000 small businesses using open banking on a regular basis1. This impressive progress is not only increasing the momentum within the country but also having ripple effects worldwide. Read on to find out more about open banking and its future in the global context!
Before open banking went live, if a company needed to accept payments directly from a client’s bank, both of the FIs involved had to collaborate with a third-party network. With open banking, on the other hand, all FIs must provide open access to their accounts and financial data, so businesses can accept payments from their customers’ banks without intermediaries.
PSD2 introduced two categories for open banking service providers:
Now that the modern open banking concept is clear, let’s take a closer look at its implementation in the UK.
Open Banking in the UK
Initially, all the processes related to it were conducted by the Open Banking Implementation Entity (OBIE), which worked closely with the government, regulatory authorities, prominent industry players, and consumers to create a leading open banking ecosystem.
Nowadays, open banking in the UK is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). Thus, only businesses that are authorized by the FCA can implement open banking APIs to access financial information or initiate payments on behalf of a customer.
Effective regulation and innovative solutions have resulted in the UK achieving incredible results in the open banking sphere, with 1 million active users entering the scene every 6 months. By 2024, the number of the UK’s open banking users is expected to hit 63.8 million2.
In response to such roaring success, other countries follow suit. For instance, South Korea saw over 20 million people using open banking in 2021. In the US, the government issued an executive order to commit to open banking. What’s more, many countries are currently in the process of determining how to make open banking work in their markets. But what creates such demand for this initiative?
There are good reasons why open banking keeps gaining traction in the UK and worldwide, namely:
1. Advantages for Consumers
Open banking enables consumers to take better control over their finances thanks to:
2. Benefits for Businesses
Businesses of various scales also benefit from open banking in a variety of ways, including:
3. Opportunities for Issuers
Open banking promotes financial transparency and collaboration, helping issuers to:
One example of an issuer-led open banking platform is Mastercard's Finicity, which collects real-time data to ensure businesses and consumers achieve better control over their funds and make smarter financial decisions.
Open banking has proven itself to be an all-round beneficial solution for consumers, businesses, and issuers. Thus, we are sure to see the spread of this technology accelerate worldwide in the near future, particularly in the context of card-not-present transactions. In the UK, for instance, 60% of revenue comes from CNP payments, and open banking is a smoother and safer alternative to them3.
With consumers worldwide gaining trust in open banking, businesses should actively prepare for the changes this technology will bring to start reaping its benefits as soon as possible.
1, 2 - Open Banking - UK open banking marks fourth year milestone with over 4 million users
3 - Global Payments - Sixty percent of revenue in the UK is tied to card-not-present transactions
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